THE PRACTICE OF THE 1980S IN THE EARLY 21ST CENTURY
How did Ronald Reagan’s Cold War policies differ from those of previous presidents?
Reagan championed brinksmanship while other presidents favored a more distant, distant approach.
Reagan believed in a smaller military while other presidents embarked on an escalating arms race.
Reagan preferred military engagement while other presidents avoided it after losing the Vietnam War.
Reagan advocated better relations with Latin America, while other presidents avoided these countries
Drag each example of United States involvement in conflicts abroad to the correct description and consequences of those conflicts.
The Iran-Contra Affair
The Reagan administration sold arms to Iraq to help it conflict with its neighbor.
The CIA equipped and trained a small group that opposed Communism but supported an authoritarian regime.
The US invaded a small Caribbean island meant to send a message to Marxists.
The government sent troops to restore order after an Israeli invasion and 200 Americans were killed.
Which of the following was a limitation of George HW Bush’s presidency?
George HW Bush had promised not to raise new taxes.
George HW Bush had to lead the country through attacks on US soil.
George HW Bush believed that legal immigration should be very limited.
George HW Bush struggled with escalating tensions with the Soviet Union.
The following events are developments in the Middle East that influenced United States foreign policy during the administration of George HW Bush. Place them in the order in which they occurred, with the earliest at the top.
Operation Desert Storm was an immediate success.
George Bush helped form an international coalition against Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.
Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait.
Tensions in the Middle East increased because of oil prices.
Drag each Clinton administration achievement to its description. Each choice is used once.
The United States experienced the longest period of economic and employment growth in its history.
Clinton strongly supported the expanded EITC for families just above the poverty line.
Congress raised taxes on the rich, lowered taxes on the poor, and gave tax breaks to small businesses
Clinton supported NAFTA, an agreement between the United States, Canada and Mexico.
How did technology affect society during the Clinton era?
Computers were invented and used in the US Department of Defense.
The internet and computers became available in homes, schools and offices.
Computer games became widespread and popular during this period.
Social media has changed the way people get their news and information.
How did President Bill Clinton envision the role of the United States in world politics?
Clinton called for a show of force to stop the spread of communism.
Clinton actively worked to expand the US military presence internationally.
Clinton has avoided the US getting involved in conflicts around the world.
Clinton wanted the US to use its military might to keep the peace.
Why were the results of the 2000 presidential election controversial?
The Democratic candidate was investigated for interference in the election.
The Republican primary created debate and disagreement within the party.
Florida’s margin of victory was slim and a recount was not completed.
The close result was unexpected and some states were mispredicted.
The following events occurred on September 11, 2001. Drag them into the order in which they occurred, with the earliest at the top.
Both World Trade Center buildings collapsed, killing thousands.
Hijacked planes flew into the Pentagon and crashed into a field in Pennsylvania.
Hijackers flew two planes into the twin towers of the World Trade Center.
President George W. Bush promised to bring those responsible to justice.
Americans have many questions tonight. Americans ask: who attacked our country? The evidence we have gathered all points to a collection of loosely affiliated terrorist organizations known as Al Qaeda. They are some of the killers charged with bombing American embassies in Tanzania and Kenya and responsible for the bombing of the USS Cole. Al Qaeda is to terror what the mafia is to crime. But his goal is not to make money. Their goal is to reshape the world and impose their radical beliefs on people everywhere.
The terrorists practice a fringe form of Islamic extremism that has been rejected by Muslim scholars and the vast majority of Muslim clergy, a fringe movement that represents the peaceful teachings of Islam. The terrorists’ directives tell them to kill Christians and Jews, kill all Americans, and make no distinction between military and civilians, including women and children. …
Americans are asking: How are we going to fight and win this war? We will direct every resource at our disposal – every means of diplomacy, every tool of intelligence, every tool of law enforcement, every financial clout and every necessary weapon of war – towards dismantling and dismantling the global terror network.
This war will not be like the war against Iraq a decade ago, with a decisive liberation of territories and a quick conclusion. It will not look like the air war over Kosovo 2 years ago, where no ground forces were deployed and not a single American was lost in combat.
Our response goes far beyond immediate retaliation and isolated strikes. The Americans should not expect a battle, but a protracted campaign such as we have never seen before. It can include dramatic televised strikes and covert operations that are secret even with success. We will starve terrorists financially, turn them against each other, drive them from place to place until there is no refuge or rest. And we will go after nations that offer aid or sanctuary to terrorism. Every nation, in every region, has to make a decision now: either you are with us or you are with the terrorists. From that day forward, any nation that continues to harbor or support terrorism will be considered a hostile regime by the United States.
Our nation has been notified: we are not immune to attack. We will take counter-terrorism measures to protect Americans. Today, dozens of federal departments and agencies, as well as state and local governments, have responsibilities related to homeland security. These efforts must be coordinated at the highest level.
Read the following excerpt from a speech given by George W. Bush to a joint session of Congress in September 2001. Select the highlighted example that shows the challenges of the war on terrorism.
Which of these was a key achievement of President George W. Bush’s administration?
Arrest of Osama bin Laden for his role in the September 11 attacks
Public school system funding at record levels
Tax cuts as part of the supply economy
Balancing the federal budget through cuts
Drag each description to the correct President Barack Obama achievement. Each selection is only used once.
expanded preschool, increased the amount available through Pell Grants, and lowered student loan interest rates
made affordable health insurance available to all Americans, including those with pre-existing medical conditions, through the Affordable Care Act
$800 billion pumped into the economy through tax cuts and job programs under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
took executive action to protect the children of undocumented immigrants through the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program.